Acetaminophen is in a class of medicine called analgesics ( pain relievers ) and antipyretics ( Fever reducers ) and work by changing the way the body senses pain and help cool the body temperature. They usually come in form of tablets, capsules,suspensions, drops and suppository to be used rectally. They are used to relieve mild to moderate pains from headaches, muscle aches, menstrual periods, cold, sore throats, toothaches and backaches and are also used to reduce fevers.
Though they are available without prescription, it is advisable that a doctor is consulted before they are used to relieve the symptoms of a fever or pain. Further, they must be take exactly according to the directions of the doctor, as taking more than the prescribed dosage may cause damage to your liver. Another precaution that must be taken when using these drugs is that if the fever or the pain persists, stop taking the medicine and visit the doctor. And only take them if he recommends so. Ann never take acetaminophen if you are allergic to any ingredient in the product.
Special care must be taken before acetaminophen are administered to the children. Never give acetaminophen products to children that are manufactured for the adults. Always keep them in a cool, dry place, tightly closed in their containers and away from the reach of the children.
Acetaminophen, may also show some side effects in some patients. The most common of these side effects are: rashes, hives, itching, swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles and/or lower legs.
While symptoms of overdose are nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, sweating, extreme tiredness, unusual bruising or bleeding, pain in the upper part of the stomach, yellowing of the skin or the eyes and flu like symptoms.