Refractive surgery on the eye is done in order to improve the physical condition of the eye and help a person to either decrease or totally remove the use of glasses or contact lenses for better vision. The remodeling of the cornea that will enable in correct vision is done during this surgical procedure.
Most of the common methods these days use excimer lasers to correct the vision problems of the eyes. Some of the common vision disorders like nearsightedness, long sightedness or astigmatism can be cured through refractive surgery of the eye.
The common types of refractive eye surgeries that are performed these days include either the flap procedures or the surface procedures. LASIK and ALK are the two flap procedures used for correction of vision. The surface procedures include photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), LASEK, EPIU-LASIK and C-Ten surgery procedures to obtain better vision in the patients.
The refractive surgery of the eye using lasers is becoming more common and popular these days. But despite its popularity, patients who suffer from glaucoma, autoimmune diseases, eye diseases involving retina and cornea, uncontrolled vascular diseases and pregnant women will not find refractive surgery to be a successful option for them. But success rate of this eye procedure is very high in patients who are devoid of the above said medical conditions.
The latest refractive eye surgeries is so advanced that patients undergoing this procedure can go back to his or home in a matter of three to four hours.